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The logistics and transportation business has seen a rapid shift due to technology advancements and present issues, such as increased client demands and the emergence of COVID-19.
Fremont, CA: The coronavirus outbreak forced the top industrial countries to shut down, plunging the world economy into unprecedented turmoil. Furthermore, methods adopted to prevent the coronavirus, such as social distance, have jeopardized numerous businesses. All of this was a significant setback for logistics, forcing the industry to reassess its strategy and restructure its operations. IoT, with its ability to connect devices, is the key to transforming logistical systems effectively.
Here are some of the uses of IoT in transportation and logistics:
Fleet management is the first application of IoT in transportation and logistics. We can obtain information about the car's condition, the amount of fuel, and driving behavior using sensors and gadgets placed in the vehicles. The number of unexpected failures can be reduced by monitoring the state of critical sections of vehicles, such as tire pressure, coolant level, and so on. Having real-time access to this information simplifies and improves maintenance. UPS makes use of a smart fleet management system like this. To reduce the number of fixes, they created a monitoring system that collects data from GPS and IoT devices.
Inventory and warehouse management
Warehouse Management System (WMS) or Inventory Management System is another IoT option in logistics. The entire performance of the warehouse will be improved by implementing this type of solution. It's critical to efficiently manage warehouse space in order to ensure that goods are delivered quickly and easily. Furthermore, smart systems can assist in optimizing areas and locating packages in the most efficient location. Installing smart sensors in the warehouse can be a terrific approach to producing orders automatically when there isn't enough inventory. This is an excellent technique to make the most of a warehouse's limited area.
Tracking and tracing of goods
In transportation and logistics, making sure the items are in the appropriate trucks, on their way to the right warehouses, and so on is critical. It also takes a long time and a lot of resources, and it's prone to errors. RFID (radio-frequency identification) and AIDC (automatic identification and data capture) sensors are excellent ways to track and manage goods. RFID employs radio waves to locate the location of products using microchips that have been implanted. These tags can provide information on the goods, such as what it is and where it is, as well as where it is scheduled to be transported.