Why Warehouses are Utilizing Blockchain

By Logistics Tech Outlook | Tuesday, January 12, 2021

The warehouses are using blockchain to improve and optimize inventory management throughout the warehouse. 

FREMONT, CA: Blockchain is a common concept of a time-stamped collection of immutable data records maintained by a collection of computers not controlled by any single entity. Utilizing cryptographic principles that form a chain, every block of data is secured and linked to each other. Since it is technically a decentralized ledger, a blockchain network has no centralized authority. Anyone can see the details stored in a blockchain network, which means it is fully transparent. Therefore, for the user's actions, everyone engaged in the network is responsible.

Blockchain is an easy, automated, and secure way for point A to point B to pass on information. The group that generates a block begins the transaction at one end. Thousands, or even millions, of computers, distributed across the internet would then check the block. The block is attached to a chain preserved throughout the network until checked, developing a unique record with a decentralized and distributed unique history. From this point on, it would be challenging for hackers to falsify a single document because, at the same time, they would require accessing and change the records on every connected computer.

The attraction of the blockchain is that accessibility, security, and transparency are maximized. Not only does it empower the user to move and store cash, but it can also substitute for every processes and business models that depend on a fee since blockchain transactions are free of charge.

Blockchain Inventory Management

Even though blockchain was not originally developed to enhance and optimize inventory management through warehouses, it is skilled at both tasks. Blockchain enables warehouses, vendors, manufacturing sites, fulfillment centers, and retail partners to communicate with each other through a permanent record of any transaction that occurs. The documents are then maintained inside the network and open to everyone.

Manufacturers are better equipped to handle product sources, traceability, possible recalls, and perishable products with such accountability. Manufacturers can witness consumer-level demand in real-time, enabling them to forecast demand, schedule production, and replenishment accurately. Inventory management was based on a reactive model before the blockchain, where replenishments were ordered after the stock was exhausted, or a predictive model determined when supply would run out.

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